ForJodie Project - Family First Aid

68 videos, 3 hours and 49 minutes

Course Content

DR ABC and the ABCD'S

Video 12 of 68
3 min 9 sec
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Essential Emergency Response Tools: DRAB and ABCDs

Understanding DRAB and ABCDs

When faced with an emergency, two crucial tools come to your aid, offering guidance on the necessary actions. These are DRAB and ABCDs:

DRAB - Danger, Response, Airway, Breathing

DRAB simplifies the initial steps in an emergency:

  • D - Danger: Assess the situation for potential hazards.
  • R - Response: Check for the person's response.
  • A - Airway: Ensure the airway is clear.
  • B - Breathing: Confirm if the person is breathing.

ABCDs - Airway, Breathing, Circulation, Defibrillation, Serious Bleeding, Shock, Spinal Injury

ABCDs provides comprehensive guidance for first aid emergencies:

  • A - Airway: Start by opening the patient's airway, often obstructed by the tongue.
  • B - Breathing: Check for signs of breathing; if absent, proceed to the next step.
  • C - Circulation: Assess circulation and perform Compression or CPR if necessary.
  • D - Defibrillation: Administer an electric shock for cardiac arrest.
  • S - Serious Bleeding, Shock, Spinal Injury: Once the primary steps are addressed, focus on these critical concerns, all of which will be covered in detail within the course.


DRAB and ABCDs are valuable tools for guiding your response in emergency situations, helping you prioritize actions and address life-threatening conditions effectively.

Learning Outcomes:
  • IPOSi Unit one LO4.3