ForJodie Project - Family First Aid

68 videos, 3 hours and 49 minutes

Course Content

Stroke

Video 32 of 68
4 min 20 sec
English
English
Want to watch this video? Sign up for the course or enter your email below to watch one free video.

Unlock This Video Now for FREE

This video is normally available to paying customers.
You may unlock this video for FREE. Enter your email address for instant access AND to receive ongoing updates and special discounts related to this topic.

Understanding Strokes

What is a Stroke?

A stroke occurs when a blood vessel in the brain becomes blocked or ruptures, leading to a lack of oxygen in certain brain areas.

Recognizing a Stroke

If you suspect someone is having a stroke, it's crucial to act quickly:

  • Call emergency services immediately and inform them about the situation.

Stroke Statistics in the UK

Strokes are a significant health concern in the UK:

  • An estimated 150,000 people suffer a stroke each year.
  • Over 10,000 of these cases occur in individuals under retirement age.
  • Stroke has a greater disability impact than any other chronic disease, affecting over 300,000 people with moderate to severe disabilities.
  • Stroke is responsible for over 67,000 deaths annually in the UK.
  • It is the third most common cause of death in England and Wales, following heart disease and cancer.
  • Stroke accounts for 9% of all deaths in men and 13% of all deaths in women.

Types of Stroke

There are two main types of strokes:

  • Ischemic Stroke: Caused by a clot blocking an artery carrying blood to the brain.
  • Hemorrhagic Stroke: Results from a burst blood vessel, causing bleeding in the brain.

Transient Ischemic Attack (TIA)

Some individuals experience temporary blockages in the blood supply to the brain, known as TIAs or mini-strokes. These are warning signs of potential major strokes and require immediate medical attention.

Risk Factors

While strokes can occur without an apparent cause, certain factors increase the risk:

  • Some risks are unchangeable, but others can be mitigated through lifestyle changes or medication.

Recognizing Stroke Symptoms with FAST

Remember the acronym FAST to identify stroke symptoms:

  • F (Face): Check if their face has drooped on one side or if they can smile.
  • A (Arms): See if they can raise both arms and keep them level.
  • S (Speech): Check for slurred speech or trouble speaking.
  • T (Time): If any of these signs are present, call emergency services immediately.

Providing First Aid

If you suspect someone is having a stroke, take the following steps:

  • Help them onto the floor and place them in a recovery position on their affected side.
  • Cover them with a blanket to keep warm.
  • Calm the person down and try to keep onlookers away.
  • Respect their dignity, especially if they lose bladder or bowel control.

Dealing with someone experiencing a stroke can be emotionally challenging. Seek support from friends or medical professionals if needed.